Are you new to the dog owner world? While you may think food, water and love is all you need at first, there are actually a lot of intricacies that go into feeding a new puppy. Puppies are still in their development stages, and need proper nutrition to build healthy and strong bones, coats and teeth. Keep reading for nutritional advice and a general understanding of how your large breed puppy should be fed.

Nutrition for Large Breed Puppies
What to Feed Your Puppy
It is important not to believe everything you see marketed on a bag of dog food, as it can be misleading. Many dog foods don't provide sufficient levels of protein, so it is important to find the ones that do. Puppies need protein to thrive and be healthy. Foods with a good source of protein such as chicken and beef, can help your dog's digestive system, and create antibodies that fight diseases. According to most nutritionists, your puppy should be eating diets that consist of 30% protein, 9% fat, and about 1.5% calcium. Another tip when choosing food for your puppy is to look for an AAFCO (Association of American Feed Control Officials) statement. This statement assures that the food is good quality, safe and nutritional. Only choose dog foods specifically designed for puppies.

How Much Food To Give
According to Brimley-Lawrence Animal Clinic, your puppy should be eating three times a day for at least the first three to six months. After that, twice a day. Be careful not to over-feed your puppy. Over feeding is dangerous and can result in conditions such as obesity, heart disease, or even diabetes. Large breed dogs tend to put on a lot of weight too fast. You can get an idea of how to measure each serving by looking at how big or skinny your puppy is. Take them to a Toronto or local vet clinic to get an accurate measurement. For additional guidance, many packages of dog food have precise measurements of food for each serving according to your dog's weight.

Many people are unaware of the importance of proper nutrients new puppies need to thrive. The average person, especially children, gets over excited about having a pet and won't stop to think what they feed them. All they know is they need dog food so their puppy won't starve. Most of the time people will buy the cheapest dog food on the shelf, or maybe the most appealing, without checking the ingredients on the back. The truth is, dogs have a lot in common with humans. They can catch diseases, and get sick like we can. The phrase "You are what you eat" has a lot of truth. When you eat bad, you feel bad. Give your puppy a chance to feel good while maintaining a healthy lifestyle.

 

Brooke ChaplanBrooke Chaplan is a freelance writer and blogger. She has lived and worked in her home in Los Lunas, New Mexico after her graduation from the University of New Mexico. Contact her via Twitter @BrookeChaplan.

 

 

By Natalie Hennessy 7 days ago at 9:52 am 0 Comments

Dogs: they’re cute, cuddly and doggone smart! We all know that dogs can be trained to complete simple commands like “sit” and “stay.” But did you know that they can also be trained to fetch diapers and serve drinks from the fridge? Dogs can even be trained to sniff out bed bugs. Here are some of the most bizarre skills you should be teaching your dog:

1. Talk or Hush

Want your dog to bark, sneeze or howl on command? Here’s how:

Let’s say you want “speak” to be acknowledged with a bark. Every time your dog barks, say the “speak” command and give him a treat.

The same can be done to quiet your dog amidst a barking spell. Just do the opposite: reward your dog with a treat and say your command (“hush,” for example) when it stops barking.

2. Stand on Hind Legs

Walking on hind legs is easier for small breeds, as larger dogs can get tired from carrying all that weight. Regardless, it’s not hard to teach a dog to stand. All you need to do is get your dog to sit upright.

Hold a treat just above its nose. When it begins to rise up for the treat, say “up” and pull the treat higher. When it’s balanced on its legs, give your dog the treat.

3. Dance

Once your dog can stand on command, train him to boogie. Get your dog up on his hind legs and pull the treat higher into the air. This will force your dog to jump around on its back legs, looking very much like a dancer.

Give your dog the treat when the trick has been achieved and you’ve said your “dance” command in a timely manner. If your dog gets very comfortable with this, you can even grab his front paws to position yourselves as dance partners. Talk about a bonding experience!

4. Skateboard

Training your dog to steer the skateboard may be a bit out of reach (although it’s not impossible). You can, however, get your pooch up on the board for a short ride. Here’s how:

First, you want your dog to feel comfortable on the skateboard. Place the board in a stationary position, held in place by sand bags or something similar. Each time your dog gets on the skateboard, give him a treat.

Next, put your dog’s front paws up on the back of the board. Give him a treat and verbal praise every time this is done. When he finally associates putting his legs on the back of the board with getting a treat, pull the treat up and forward in order to get him to leap up onto the board. Remove the sand bags and relocate the board to a more mobile location (carpet is a good surface to start on) and continue to give treats for this behavior. Eventually, your dog will be able to propel the board forward as it kicks off and skate down the hall or driveway.

Unique dog tricks

5. Back Up

“Back up” can be a useful trick for many reasons. Want him to stop crowding you at the front door or refrigerator, for example?

Place items like pillows or boxes on the floor. Use treats to get your dog to walk backward into the props. When he does this, say your command, reward him with the treat and tell him how good he is! When this becomes learned behavior, remove the props and continue to utilize your command.

6. Clean up the Floor

Get your dog to help with household chores. He can start by eliminating clutter from your floor. Let’s take dirty laundry, for example. You can train him to pick it up and drop it in a basket.

Start by getting your dog to drop something in basket — a toy is a great beginner object. Hold the container under his mouth when the toy is between his teeth. Give him the “drop” command and reward him with a treat.

Once he understands that, toss the toy onto the floor and give a new retrieval command. When he fetches his toy, reward him with another treat. Then, get him to get two toys in a row – using the same command. Continue giving treats as he accomplishes these behaviors. Eventually, switch out his toy for laundry and use the commands to have him collect your dirty shirts and socks!

7. Fetch the Newspaper

This trick requires the skills used in cleaning the floor. Teach your dog to pick up and drop items, then lead him out to the driveway. Give these commands for the newspaper specifically, but also include a new “fetch paper” command. Reward him with a treat upon completion. Eventually, your dog will know “fetch paper” without the initial pick up and drop commands.

8. Play Dead

Does your dog already know “lie down” and “roll over?” If so, you can train your pooch to play dead on command.

Start by giving your “play dead” command – loudly. Then, give the familiar commands to lie down and roll over. Reward him with a treat. Repeat that, but put your hand on your dog’s stomach when he’s mid-roll.

Reward him with another treat. Finally, try doing this without giving the commands to lie and roll. Only use a loud “play dead,” and he should roll onto his back and stay there. Take your time and give ample treats to make this as believable as possible.

Play Dead

9. Be Shy

Your dog can be happy, energetic and sometimes angry. Want to add bashful to the list? Here’s how:

Place a post-it note on your pup’s forehead. When he goes to knock it down with his paw, give your “shy” command and give him a treat. Eventually, your dog won’t need the post-it note to prompt the upward-facing eyes or paw-covering-his-face movement.

10. Open the Door

Tired of having to open the door for your dog every five seconds? Train him to open it himself!

Wrap a cloth or bandana around your doorknob. Encourage your dog to interact with it and give him a treat when he does. Also reward treats for pushing or nudging the door. When your dog combines both of these behaviors, offer an ecstatic “good boy!” and toss him a treat.

 

With tricks like these, you won’t be able to differentiate your dog from your human relatives. Get started training your pooch today and enjoy free, live entertainment on command!

 

Kayla MatthewsKayla Matthews is a pet-loving productivity blogger with a passion for animals and especially big dogs! To read more articles by Kayla you can follow her on Google+ and Twitter, or at ProductivityTheory.com.

 

Images by m01229 and Yortw

By Natalie Hennessy 12 days ago at 9:00 am 0 Comments

Care and Safety Tips for Senior Dogs

Dogs are delightful companions and part of the family. They're loyal, affectionate, and they love unconditionally. Unfortunately, dogs don't live forever. Pets age faster than humans, and as they get older, they develop age-related problems caused by major changes in their bodies. Because of this, dogs have difficulty going through their daily activities, such as eating and moving around.

When are dogs considered senior?

When are dogs considered senior

The widespread belief that a dog year is equivalent to seven human years doesn't apply for all dogs. Factors including environment, genetics, nutrition, and weight play a significant role in how fast they age. Large to giant dogs may be considered seniors at five years old, while small to medium dogs are only teenagers at this time.

What to Expect

A lot of major changes in behavior and health may happen as your dog ages, and it's important to address these concerns before they turn into life-threatening diseases. Confusion, anxiety or aggression, a shift in sleep patterns, and other behavioral changes are also common among senior dogs.

What to expect from Senior Dogs

  • Senility and slowing down - The aging symptoms of pets are pretty much the same as in humans. Cognitive dysfunction or senility may cause older dogs to get lost or forget how to greet family members. Meanwhile, avoiding activities like playing and running may be red flags for arthritis or muscle atrophy. Joint pains and mild loss of muscle mass are common reasons why older dogs can no longer move as quickly as before.
  • Loss of sight or hearing - Aging dogs may lose their sense of hearing, making them unresponsive when called. And just like humans, dogs can also slowly lose their sight and develop eye conditions like cataracts. If your dog has vision loss, avoid rearranging your furniture so he can move around the house according to how his body remembers it.
  • Weight changes - With ailments taking over his body little by little, your dog may start eating less and drinking more, resulting in sudden weight loss. On the other hand, as the dog becomes less active, he uses less energy, paving the way for increased fat deposit. The resulting weight gain may increase the risk of arthritis and heart disease.
  • Restlessness or anxiety - As dogs become more restless, they develop a weaker immune system that prevents their bodies from fighting infections. Increased anxiety may also result from changing sleep cycles.

Caring for Older Dogs

With help from their humans, senior dogs can lead a happy and active life despite the many changes in their health. Follow these tips to reduce the effects of old age:

Caring for Older Dogs

  • Regular vet visits - Symptoms of age-related diseases are easily overlooked, especially if you have no idea what to look out for. Check-ups and preventive healthcare exams are crucial during this period in your dog's life. Most health issues of senior dogs can be treated if caught early so it's recommended to visit the vet every six months.
  • Vaccinations - To improve your dog's quality of life, have him vaccinated once every three years. Senior dogs need regular boosters, and flea and de-worming treatments.
  • Mental stimulation - Keep your pet on his toes by engaging him in interactive play. Food puzzles that prevent dogs from getting food until they're solved help stimulate your pet's brain activity.

Mental Stimulation for Senior Dogs

  • Age-appropriate diet - Older dogs require a lower calorie intake as their metabolism slows down. Fresh vegetables and smaller food portions are great, but take care not to give him anything toxic like grapes and raisins. Ask your vet about the right diet for your dog based on his age, lifestyle, and specific needs.
  • Watch the weight - Limit his calorie intake if your pet is not very active. The more overweight your dog, the more stressed his body becomes. Ask your veterinarian for a diet and exercise plan that your dog needs.
  • Exercise - It's very important for pets to keep moving. Regular exercise not only maintains healthy joints and muscles, it also helps your dog feel young and keep fit. Start by taking him on short walks, and then gradually increase the distance. Just remember that what's normal for a big dog may be too long and tiring for a small pooch. Know when it's time to stop and rest for water. Don't stay out too long if it's hot or humid outside.

Dental Care for Senior Dogs

  • Dental care - Dental diseases not only cause difficulty in eating, they may also damage your dog's organs if bacteria get into the bloodstream. Senior dogs need proper dental care from vets or regular brushing. You can also keep your pet's teeth and gums healthy through toys and dental treats that keep their teeth clean.
  • Keep them warm and dry - Unlike the young ones, older dogs may not have the ability to regulate their body temperature. Make sure that your dog is warm and dry if it's cold, and that he's cool and has access to plenty of water if it's hot.
  • Lots and lots of TLC - Dogs want the simplest things, and often a good belly rub makes them happy. For them, physical contact means mighty love. As dogs get older, they will start needing therapeutic massages too, especially when joint pains begin affecting their lifestyle.

Safety Tips

Safety and security are crucial for senior dogs that are at risk of developing health problems, blindness, and deafness.

Safety Tips for Senior Dogs

  • Keep the floor clutter-free - Remove obstacles that may endanger your dog while he walks around the house. Keeping your home free from clutter helps reduce his anxiety, especially if he's starting to lose his vision. Make litter boxes accessible so your dog won't have to travel far to relieve himself.
  • Ramps and stairs - For dogs with arthritis or other joint problems, it is hard to walk, or even just lay down to rest. Make it easier for the senior dog to navigate by equipping your home with ramps. Carpets and rugs on hard surfaces will help him feel more comfortable getting around the house.
  • Orthopedic beds - To help your pet have a great sleep all the time, provide him with soft blankets and an orthopedic pet bed. He'll be more comfortable sleeping and getting up won't be as difficult.

Dogs in their twilight years need proper care and attention. Follow these safety and care guidelines to make the life of your best friend so much better.

 

Jennifer LutzJennifer Lutz is a loving pet owner and the home décor expert at www.christmastreemarket.com. For advice on how to keep your pets safe during the busy holidays, check out her thoughts here.

 

By Natalie Hennessy 21 days ago at 11:00 am 0 Comments